Here's a FINE example, that would NEVER be allowed in court:
[Despite his history of drug use and elevated stroke risk,] Dick began seeking "other rationalist and religious explanations for these experiences."
The portion in square brackets is irrelevant to the statement of fact, and there is no necessary connection between the two parts of the sentence, nor a prerequisite for its inclusion in the sentence.
The reader is misled, Miss Lead.
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In logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is incorrect reasoning in argumentation resulting in a misconception. By accident or design, fallacies may exploit emotional triggers in the listener or interlocutor (e.g. appeal to emotion), or take advantage of social relationships between people (e.g. argument from authority). Fallacious arguments are often structured using rhetorical patterns that obscure the logical argument, making fallacies more difficult to diagnose. Also, the components of the fallacy may be spread out over separate arguments.